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lijn 200 15x8 400x11 15x8
working with text in writing, editing and graphic design
On the following pages you will find information about working with text on a computer. It will give answers to questions such as ‘how is text processed’, ‘where can I find my special character’ or ‘what keyboard is used in Iceland (or any other country or language)’.

It is a Europe orientated project. About their languages and writing, keyboards and special characters. Off course the information is useful in other countries using a European alphabet as well. Some chapters have a history part, which gives a good insight how things came to be.

The first chapter tells you how our computer evolved after World War II, how it basically works and what word processing on a computer is. The second chapter is about Unicode. Covered are the history of character sets, the characteristics of Unicode and important characters in modern European communication. Type and typesetting is about fonts. It starts with the history of type and typesetting up to ‘fonts’ we use today. After that fonts are explained. To see where our alphabets came from you should read the chapter about ancient scripts. The emphasis is on European scripts, starting in the Balkans and ending with the advent of typesetting. Special attention is given how these scripts can be used in today’s word processing. In the chapter European alphabets every alphabet in Europe, including punctuation and keyboard layout, is shown.

Keep in mind that some pages can contain a lot of pictures, so loading can take a while.

Maarten Bosch, 24-12-2012

Note: This text, and the following chapters, were written in Dutch and afterwards translated into English, in the author’s typical way, Denglish (Dutch-English). In a couple of weeks a professional translator will work on it. She’s busy right now. Any comments on the content is welcome: wpt@lsog.nl.

Some chapters are still revised concerning content and will be put online whenever they are ready, section by section. The website will be obscure (e.g. hard to be found) until it is completely revised and properly translated.

Thank you.


John Tranter
The Australian poet John Tranter working on a Compugraphic 7700 typesetter, around 1980. He was trained in all aspects of publishing, from hand-lettering to editing, from litho platemaking to screen printing, and developed an early familiarity with computers. He published the first issue of the free international Internet-only literary magazine «Jacket» single-handed in 1997. As well as writing and editing poetry he has been a teacher, a publisher's editor, and a radio producer. More on John Tranter on the website of Jacket.